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auddev_atm.c

/*
 * FILE:     auddev_atm.c
 * PROGRAM:  RAT
 * AUTHORS:  Julian Cable, Dimitris Terzis
 * MODS:     Orion Hodson
 *
 * auddev_atm acts like an audio device, only it reads and writes raw
 * AAL1 ATM frames containing alaw coded samples.  It assumes that RAT
 * is launched from a process that handles the atm set up and writes
 * the atm file descriptor to a file called "atm_socket".  There are
 * obviously other ways to communicate this info, but this suffices.
 *
 * The ATM stack in question is the Linux one, it may work with other
 * stacks but we don't have access to any suitable ATM equipment at
 * UCL to investigate (or even test this file).
 *
 * The real work here was done by Julian and Dimitris, who not only
 * made initial version of this file, but also chased up ATM stack
 * bugs.  OH fixed atm_audio_supports, simplified read/writes, and
 * changed atm_audio_read to read as many frames as available.
 *
 * Copyright (c) 2000 Nortel Networks
 *           (c) 1995-2001 University College London 
 * All rights reserved.  
 */

#ifndef HIDE_SOURCE_STRINGS
static const char cvsid[] = 
      "$Id: auddev_atm.c,v 1.5 2001/01/08 20:29:47 ucaccsp Exp $";
#endif /* HIDE_SOURCE_STRINGS */

#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>

#include <atm.h>

#include <string.h>
#include "config_unix.h"
#include "debug.h"
#include "audio_types.h"
#include "audio_fmt.h"
#include "auddev_atm.h"
#include "codec_g711.h"

struct AUDIO
{
      int port;
};

static struct {
      unsigned long atmhdr;
      unsigned char rxresidue_buf[47];
        u_char       *rxresidue;
      unsigned char txresidue[47];
        int rxresidue_bytes; /* bytes available after rxresidue */
      int txresidue_bytes;
      int seqno;
      int monitor_gain;
      int output_muted;
      struct AUDIO play;
      struct AUDIO record;
}     dev_info;

/* AAL1-specific ATM header bytes */
static unsigned char aal1hdr[] = {0x00, 0x17, 0x2d, 0x3a, 0x4e, 0x59, 0x63, 0x74};

static int audio_fd = -1;

enum { AUDIO_LINE_OUT,  AUDIO_LINE_IN };

#define bat_to_device(x)      ((x )
#define device_to_bat(x)      ((x))

static int atm_socket;

int
atm_audio_device_count()
{
        return 1;
}

char*
atm_audio_device_name(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad);
        return "ATM Network Audio Device (PCM A-law)";
}

int
atm_audio_supports(audio_desc_t ad, audio_format *fmt)
{

        UNUSED(ad);

        /* Only check sample rate and channels */
      if ( fmt->sample_rate != 8000 || fmt->channels != 1) {
                return FALSE;
        }

        return TRUE;
}

/* Try to open the audio device.                        */
/* Essentially, we read an ATM socket file descriptor, */
/* passed to RAT from the command line, from a file */
/* Returns TRUE if ok, 0 otherwise. */
int
atm_audio_open(audio_desc_t ad, audio_format* ifmt, audio_format* ofmt)
{

        int len;
      struct sockaddr_atmpvc vcc_address;
      FILE *f = fopen("atm_socket", "r");

      if (f == NULL) {
                debug_msg("ATM socket file not found");
            return FALSE;
      }

        if (atm_audio_supports(ifmt) == FALSE) {
                /* Should never get here */
                debug_msg("ATM input format not supported\n");
                return FALSE;
        }

        if (atm_audio_supports(ifmt) == FALSE) {
                /* Should never get here */
                debug_msg("ATM output format not supported\n");
                return FALSE;
        }
        
      fread(&atm_socket, sizeof(atm_socket), 1, f);
      fclose(f);

        len = sizeof(vcc_address);

        if (audio_fd != -1) {
                debug_msg("Device already open!");
                atm_audio_close(ad);
                return FALSE;
        }

        if (getsockopt(atm_socket, SOL_ATM, SO_ATMPVC, (char *)&vcc_address, &len) >= 0) {
            unsigned gfc=0, vpi, vci, type=0, clp=0;
            vpi = vcc_address.sap_addr.vpi;
            vci = vcc_address.sap_addr.vci;
            audio_fd = atm_socket;
            dev_info.atmhdr = (gfc << ATM_HDR_GFC_SHIFT) | (vpi << ATM_HDR_VPI_SHIFT) |
                        (vci << ATM_HDR_VCI_SHIFT) |       (type << ATM_HDR_PTI_SHIFT) | clp;
                
            dev_info.txresidue_bytes    = 0;
            dev_info.rxresidue_bytes    = 0;
            dev_info.rxresidue          = dev_info.rxresidue_buf;
            dev_info.seqno              = 0;
            memset(dev_info.txresidue, 0, sizeof(dev_info.txresidue));
            memset(dev_info.rxresidue, 0, sizeof(dev_info.txresidue));
                
            dev_info.monitor_gain       = 0;
            dev_info.output_muted       = 0; /* 0==not muted */
            dev_info.play.port          = AUDIO_LINE_OUT;
            dev_info.record.port        = AUDIO_LINE_IN;

            audio_format_change_encoding(ifmt, DEV_PCMA);
            audio_format_change_encoding(ofmt, DEV_PCMA);

            debug_msg("ATM audio device open (fd=%d, vpi=%d, vci=%d)\n", audio_fd, vpi, vci);
              atm_audio_drain(ad);

            return audio_fd;
      } else {
                debug_msg("ATM socket descriptor is invalid");
            return FALSE;
      }
}

/* Close the audio device */
void
atm_audio_close(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad);
        assert(audio_fd > 0);

      if (audio_fd <= 0) {
                debug_msg("Invalid desc");
            return;
        }

      close(audio_fd);
      audio_fd = -1;
}

/* Flush input buffer */
void
atm_audio_drain(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

      ioctl(audio_fd, I_FLUSH, (caddr_t)FLUSHR);
}

/* Gain and volume values are in the range 0 - MAX_AMP */

void
atm_audio_set_igain(audio_desc_t ad, int gain)
{
        UNUSED(gain);
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);
}

int
atm_audio_get_igain(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

        return 0;
}

void
atm_audio_set_ogain(audio_desc_t ad, int vol)
{
        UNUSED(vol);
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);
}

int
atm_audio_get_ogain(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

      return 0;
}

void
atm_audio_loopback(audio_desc_t ad, int gain)
{
        UNUSED(gain);
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

}

#define ADA_CELL_SZ  52
#define ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ 5

/* atm_audio_read: modified to read as many atm frames as are available (oh) */

int
atm_audio_read(audio_desc_t ad, u_char *buf, int buf_bytes)
{
      int len, avail, done = 0;
      char cellbuf[ADA_CELL_SZ];

      UNUSED(ad);

        assert(dev_info.rxresidue_bytes >= 0);
        assert((uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue_bytes < (uint32_t)sizeof(dev_info.rxresidue_buf));
      assert((uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue - (uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue_buf <= sizeof(dev_info.rxresidue_buf));
      assert(dev_info.rxresidue - dev_info.rxresidue_buf >= 0);

        if (dev_info.rxresidue_bytes > 0) {
                if (buf_bytes >= dev_info.rxresidue_bytes) {
                        /* big read that completely drains the residue */
                        memcpy(buf, dev_info.rxresidue, dev_info.rxresidue_bytes);
                        done                    += dev_info.rxresidue_bytes;
                        dev_info.rxresidue_bytes = 0;
                } else {
                        /* little read */
                        memcpy(buf, dev_info.rxresidue, buf_bytes);
                        dev_info.rxresidue_bytes -= buf_bytes;
                        dev_info.rxresidue       += buf_bytes;
                        done                     += buf_bytes;
                  return done;
                }
        }

        assert(dev_info.rxresidue_bytes >= 0);
        assert((uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue_bytes < (uint32_t)sizeof(dev_info.rxresidue_buf));
      assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes >= 0);
      assert((uint32_t)dev_info.txresidue_bytes <= sizeof(dev_info.txresidue));

        /* Read as much audio as is available */
        len = 0;
        while ((ioctl(audio_fd, FIONREAD, &avail) >= 0) && 
               (buf_bytes - done) >= (ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ)) {
                len = read(audio_fd, cellbuf, sizeof(cellbuf));
                if (len <= 0) {
                        break;
                }
                assert(len == ADA_CELL_SZ);
                memcpy(buf + done, cellbuf + ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ, ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ);
                done += ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ;
            /*                debug_msg("read frame %d\n", (int)cellbuf[4]); */
            assert(dev_info.rxresidue_buf + dev_info.rxresidue_bytes == dev_info.rxresidue);
        }
        
        if (errno != 0) {
                debug_msg("atm audio read error (%d): len %d avail %d done %d of %d bytes\n", 
                          errno, len, avail, done, buf_bytes);
                /* avail =  0 ioctl failed          */
                /* len   = -1 read failed           */
                /* len   =  0 socket closed by peer */
                errno = 0;
                return done;
        }

        if (buf_bytes - done < ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ && buf_bytes - done != 0) {
                /* Copy bytes left over into residue buffer */
                int over;
                over = buf_bytes - done;
            assert(dev_info.rxresidue == dev_info.rxresidue_buf);
            assert(dev_info.rxresidue_bytes == 0);
            memcpy(dev_info.rxresidue, 
                       cellbuf + sizeof(cellbuf) - over, 
                       sizeof(cellbuf) - over);
                dev_info.rxresidue_bytes += over;
            assert(dev_info.rxresidue_bytes <= ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ);
            assert((uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue - (uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue_buf <= sizeof(dev_info.rxresidue_buf));
            assert(dev_info.rxresidue - dev_info.rxresidue_buf >= 0);
        }

        assert(dev_info.rxresidue_bytes >= 0);
        assert((uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue_bytes < (uint32_t)sizeof(dev_info.rxresidue_buf));
      assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes >= 0);
      assert((uint32_t)dev_info.txresidue_bytes <= sizeof(dev_info.txresidue));
      assert((uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue - (uint32_t)dev_info.rxresidue_buf <= sizeof(dev_info.rxresidue_buf));
      assert(dev_info.rxresidue - dev_info.rxresidue_buf >= 0);

      if (done != 0) {
                debug_msg("Done %d bytes\n", done);
      }

        return done;
}


int
atm_audio_write(audio_desc_t ad, u_char *buf, int buf_bytes)
{
      int done;
      unsigned char cellbuf[ADA_CELL_SZ];

        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

        done = 0;
      debug_msg("atm_audio_write; got %d bytes b[0] = %d\n", buf_bytes, (int)buf[0]);

      /* if we have anything left from before put it in the output cell 
       * first and then fill the cell from the buffer, fixing pointers and 
       * counts
       */

      assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes >= 0);
      assert((uint32_t)dev_info.txresidue_bytes <= sizeof(dev_info.txresidue));
      if (dev_info.txresidue_bytes > 0 && 
            (buf_bytes + dev_info.txresidue_bytes) > (ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ)) {
            int rem = ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ - dev_info.txresidue_bytes;
                /* Fill in header */
            memcpy(cellbuf, &dev_info.atmhdr, 4);
            cellbuf[4] = aal1hdr[dev_info.seqno];
                dev_info.seqno = (dev_info.seqno + 1) & 0x07; /* values 0-7 valid */
                /* Fill in data   */
                assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes <= ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ);
            memcpy(cellbuf + ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ, dev_info.txresidue, dev_info.txresidue_bytes);
            /* If not enough residue to fill cell start drawing audio from buf */
                if (rem > 0) {
                        memcpy(cellbuf + ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ + dev_info.txresidue_bytes, buf, rem);
                }
                write(audio_fd, (char *)cellbuf, ADA_CELL_SZ);
            done += rem;
            dev_info.txresidue_bytes = 0;
            /*                debug_msg("wrote frame %d using residue\n", dev_info.seqno); */
      }

      assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes >= 0);

        while(buf_bytes - done >= ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ) {
            memcpy(cellbuf, &dev_info.atmhdr, 4);
            cellbuf[4] = aal1hdr[dev_info.seqno];
            memcpy(cellbuf + ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ, buf + done, ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ);
                write(audio_fd, (char *)cellbuf, ADA_CELL_SZ);
            done += ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ;
                dev_info.seqno = (dev_info.seqno + 1) & 0x07; /* values 0-7 valid */
            /*                debug_msg("Wrote frame %d %d %d\n", dev_info.seqno, done, buf_bytes); */
      }

      assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes >= 0);

      /* Save left over */
      if (buf_bytes - done > 0) {
            dev_info.txresidue_bytes = buf_bytes - done;
                assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes <= ADA_CELL_SZ - ADA_CELL_HEADER_SZ);
            memcpy(dev_info.txresidue, buf + done, dev_info.txresidue_bytes);
            /*          debug_msg("write residue left over %d\n", buf_bytes - done); */
      }

      assert(dev_info.txresidue_bytes >= 0);

      return buf_bytes;
}

/* Set ops on audio device to be non-blocking */
void
atm_audio_non_block(audio_desc_t ad)
{
      int   on = 1;

        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

      if (ioctl(audio_fd, FIONBIO, (char *)&on) < 0) {
            debug_msg("Failed to set non blocking mode on audio device!\n");
        } else {
            debug_msg("Non-blocking mode set on ATM audio device (fd=%d)\n", audio_fd);
        }
}

/* Set ops on audio device to block */
void
atm_audio_block(audio_desc_t ad)
{
      int   on = 0;

        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

      if (ioctl(audio_fd, FIONBIO, (char *)&on) < 0) {
            debug_msg("Failed to set blocking mode on audio device!\n");
        } else {
            debug_msg("Blocking mode set on ATM audio device (fd=%d)\n", audio_fd);
        }
}


static const audio_port_details_t out_ports[] = {
        { AUDIO_LINE_OUT,  AUDIO_PORT_LINE_OUT }
};

#define NUM_OUT_PORTS (sizeof(out_ports)/sizeof(out_ports[0]))

void
atm_audio_oport_set(audio_desc_t ad, audio_port_t port)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

        if (port != AUDIO_LINE_OUT) {
                debug_msg("Port not recognized\n");
                port = AUDIO_LINE_OUT;
        }
        dev_info.play.port = port;
}

audio_port_t
atm_audio_oport_get(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);
      return (dev_info.play.port);
}

int
atm_audio_oport_count(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad);
        return (int)NUM_OUT_PORTS;
}

const audio_port_details_t*
atm_audio_oport_details(audio_desc_t ad, int idx)
{
        UNUSED(ad);
        if (idx >= 0 && idx < (int)NUM_OUT_PORTS) {
                return &out_ports[idx];
        }
        return NULL;
}

static const audio_port_details_t in_ports[] = {
        { AUDIO_LINE_IN,    AUDIO_PORT_LINE_IN}
};

#define NUM_IN_PORTS (sizeof(out_ports)/sizeof(out_ports[0]))

void
atm_audio_iport_set(audio_desc_t ad, audio_port_t port)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

        if (port != AUDIO_LINE_IN ) {
                port = AUDIO_LINE_IN;
        }
        
        dev_info.record.port = port;
}

audio_port_t
atm_audio_iport_get(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);
      return (dev_info.record.port);
}

int
atm_audio_iport_count(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad);
        return (int)NUM_IN_PORTS;
}

const audio_port_details_t*
atm_audio_iport_details(audio_desc_t ad, int idx)
{
        UNUSED(ad);
        if (idx >= 0 && idx < (int)NUM_IN_PORTS) {
                return &in_ports[idx];
        }
        return NULL;
}

int
atm_audio_duplex(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

        return 1;
}

static int
atm_audio_select(audio_desc_t ad, int delay_us)
{
        fd_set rfds;
        struct timeval tv, s1, s2;

        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);

        tv.tv_sec = 0;
        tv.tv_usec = delay_us;

        FD_ZERO(&rfds);
        FD_SET(audio_fd, &rfds);

        gettimeofday (&s1, 0);
        select(audio_fd+1, &rfds, NULL, NULL, &tv);
        gettimeofday (&s2, 0);

        s2.tv_usec -= s1.tv_usec;
        s2.tv_sec  -= s1.tv_sec;

        if (s2.tv_usec < 0) {
                s2.tv_usec += 1000000;
                s2.tv_sec  -= 1;
        }

        return FD_ISSET(audio_fd, &rfds);
}

void
atm_audio_wait_for(audio_desc_t ad, int delay_ms)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);
        atm_audio_select(ad, delay_ms * 1000);
}

int
atm_audio_is_ready(audio_desc_t ad)
{
        UNUSED(ad); assert(audio_fd > 0);
        return atm_audio_select(ad, 0);
}


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